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基于胜任力的培训还是传统的培训[文献翻译].doc
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本科毕业论文(设计)petency-BasedoraTraditionalApproachtoTraining?外文出处T+D外文作者Dubois,David1Rothwell,petency-BasedoraTraditionalApproachtoTraining?AnewlookatISDmodelsandananswertothequestion,What'sthebestapproach?petitive,technological,anizationalconditionschange.petency-basedviewsofemployeetraining.Tothatend,itaddressesandanswersthesequestions:Whatisemployeetraining?petencies,andwhyaretheyimportant?Howistrainingtraditionallycarriedout?petency-based?petency-basedapproachtoemployeetraining?petency-based,andwhenshoulditbehandledtraditionally?petency-basedtraining?petency-basedtrainingbeimplemented?Thesequestions,andouranswerstothem,providethought-petency-basedapproachtotraining."Training,"accordingtoTheASTDReferenceGuidetoWorkplaceLearningandPerformance(HRDPress,2000),"isashort-termlearningintervention.Itisintendedtobuildonindividualknowledge,skills,andattitudestomeetpresentorfutureworkrequirements."anizationanditsuniquecorporateculture.Inthatrespect,itdiffersfromeducationandemployeedevelopment,whichpreparepeopleforworkandlife.Therearevarioustypesoftraining:remedialorbasicskillsorientationqualifyingsecond-chancecross-trainingretrainingoutplacement.Remedialtraininghelpspeoplemeetthebasicscreeningorentry-levelrequirementsforajob.esocializedintoacorporateculture.eproductive,meetingthebasicperformanceexpectationsoftheworkthey'rehiredtoperform.Second-chancetrainingisgiventopeoplewhoaren'anizationalworkstandards,andisliterallyasecondchancebeforethey'retransferredorterminated.Cross-traininghelpspeoplemasternewjobsornewjobskills.anizationalconditionschange.anizationinthewakeofretirement,downsizing,right-sizing,smart-sizing,orotherstaffingchanges.Recentresearchsuggestsanincreaseinspendingontraining.In1998,theamountspentoncorporatetrainingwasUS$62.ordingtoIndustryReport:1999.TheASTD2003StateoftheIndustryReportstatesthatoverallexpendituresfortrainingincreasedfrom$734in2001to$826in2000onaper-employeebasisamongASTD'anizations.AFutureSearchconference,heldinJune2001inconjunctionwiththe2001ASTDInternationalConference,theAcademyforHumanResourceDevelopment,andASTD'sResearch-to-mitteehadthetheme,"ShapingtheFuture:LeadingWorkplaceLearningandPerformanceintheNewMillennium."About65speciallyselectedexpertsdiscussedtheirperspectivesonthefutureofthefieldandvotedontrendsthattheybelievedwouldimpactworkplacelearningandperformance.Thetop10trendareasidentified:MoneyDiversityTimeWorkWorldMeaningChangeKnowledgeTechnologyCareers.petencies?Whyaretheyimportant?petencies."OperationsmanagersandHRpractitionersareequallyrecognizingthat"work"is"in"and"jobs"ing"out."Why?anizations—intheworkthatmustbedoneandhowitmusthedone—hasrenderedthenotionofajobtobeobsolete.Instead,plished,operationsmanagersareturningfirsttoanswerthequestion,Whathumancapabilitiesortraitsmusttheworkerhaveinordertoproducethisworkin,preferably,anexemplarymanner(ontimeandatahighlevelofquality)?Theresultsofanemployee'sworkare"outputs"or"results."Workersperform"tasks,"whi 内容来自淘豆网www.taodocs.com转载请标明出处.
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