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考研英语大纲附录3.doc


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考研英语大纲附录3.doc
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附录3 常用的前缀和后缀,部分国家(或地区)、语言、国民及国籍表,洲名及常见缩写词
一、常用的前缀和后缀
1、常用前缀
aero-:concerning the air of aircraft
plane-aeroplane 飞机
space-aerospace 航空空间
anti-:against;opposite of
nuclear-antinuclear 反对核武器的
matter-antimatter反物质
war-antiwar反战的
auto-:of or by oneself
biography传记–autobiography自传
criticism批评-autocriticism自我反省
be-:to treat as the stated thing
friend-befriend以朋友的方式对待;照顾
little-belittle使显得微小,轻视、贬低
bi-:two;twice;double
lingual-bilingual 双语的; 人
cycle-bicycle
bio-:concerning living things
chemistry-biochemistry生化
sphere-biosphere 生物圈
by-,bye-:less important
produce-by-produce
way-byway偏僻小路;学科的次要领域,冷门
centi-:hundredth part
grade-centigrade ˈ摄氏
meter-centimeter 厘米
co-:together,with
author-coauthor合著者,合著
exist-coexist 同时共存、和平共处
col-:( used before l ) together,with
location-collocation排列,配置,词的搭配
com-:( used before b,m,p ) together,with
passion 怜悯、同情
con-:together,with
centric-concentric同一中心的、同轴
federation-confederation结盟同盟,联邦
contra-:opposite
diction-contradiction 矛盾、否定反驳
natural-contranatural违背自然的
cor-:( used before r ) together,with
relate-correlate 有相关性
respond-correspond 相符合相一致,相当类似通信
counter-:opposite
act-counteract 对抗、抵消
attack-counterattack 反攻、反击
cross-:across;going between the stated things and joining them
country-crosscountry越野的
breed-crossbreed杂种,使杂交
de-:showing an opposite;to remove;to reduce
code-decode 译码、解码、分析电子信号
value-devalue 贬值,贬低
dis-:not;the opposite of
advantage-disadvantage 不利、劣势、短处
agree-disagree不同意、不一致、不适合
honest-dishonest 不诚实、不老实
em-:( used before b,m,p ) to cause to e
body-embody 表现、象征;包括、包含
power-empower 授权、准许
en-:to cause to e;to make
danger-endanger 危及、使遭受危险
large-enlarge 扩大、扩充放大
ex-:former ( and still living )
minister-ex-minister v辅助; 服侍,部长
wife-ex-wife 前妻
extra-:outside;beyond
curricular-extracurricular 学校课程以外的
ordinary-extraordinary 奇怪;特别;额外,临时
fore-:in advance,before;in or at the front
arm-forearm前臂,预先武装
warn-forewarn 预先警告;事先告知
il-:( used before l ) not
legal-illegal 非法
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