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考研阅读逐句译2000年第5篇.docx


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考研阅读逐句译2000年第5篇.docx
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唐静考研阅读逐句译2000年第5篇第1句 If ambition is to be well regarded, the rewards of ambition—wealth, distinction, control over one’s destiny—must be deemed worthy of the sacrifices made on ambition’s behalf.
词汇:(从今天开始,词汇按照牛津双解的方式进行,我也主要摘录自牛津双解,为了区别,用红色标注要解释的词汇)
ambition //n. ~ (to be/do sth)
1 (a) [U, C] strong desire to achieve sth 雄心,野心,志气,抱负,志向
*filled with ambition to e famous, rich, powerful, etc 立志要成名, 发财, 有权势等
(b) [C] particular desire of this kind 雄心,野心,志气,抱负,志向
*have great ambitions 有远大的志向
2 [C] object of this desire 目标,夙愿
*achieve/realize/fulfil one's ambitions 达到目标[实现抱负/得偿夙愿]
distinction //n.
1 [C, U] ~ (between A and B ) difference or contrast between one person or thing and another 差别,对比
*He drew a quite artificial distinction between men and women readers. 他把男读者和女读者硬是人为地区分开来。
2 (fml 文)
(a) [U] separation of things or people into different groups according to quality, grade, etc (事物或人按其质量、品质、等级等的)区分
*without distinction (ie regardless) of rank 不分级别
(b) [C] detail that separates in this way (按此方式划分的)类别, 等级
*distinctions of birth and wealth 按出身和财富划分的类别.
3 [C] mark of honour; title, decoration, etc 荣誉的标志; 荣衔、勋章等
*an academic distinction, eg a doctor's degree 学术上的荣衔(如博士学位)
* win a distinction for bravery 因表现英勇而获得勋章.
4 [U] quality of being excellent or distinguished 优秀; 卓越
*a writer, novel, work of distinction 优秀的作家、小说、作品
* She had the distinction of being the first woman to swim the Channel. 她卓尔不群, 因为她是第一个横渡英吉利海峡的女子。
destiny //n.
1 [U] power believed to control events 命运
*Destiny drew us together. 命运把我们连在一起了。
2 [C] that which happens to sb/sth (thought to be decided beforehand by fate) 定数,天命
*It was his destiny to die in a foreign country. 他注定要客死异国。
* events which shaped his destiny 决定他命运的事件。
deem //v.
v [Tf, Tnt esp passive 尤用于被动语态, Cn.a esp passive 尤用于被动语态, Cn.n] (fml 文) consider; regard 认为,视为
*He deemed that it was his duty to help. 他认为他有责任加以援助。
* She was deemed (to be) the winner. 人们认为是她获胜。
* It is deemed 内容来自淘豆网www.taodocs.com转载请标明出处.
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