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唃厮啰政权民族关系初探.pdf
文档介绍:
烟台大学
硕士学位论文
唃厮啰政权民族关系初探
姓名:王春荣
申请学位级别:硕士
专业:专门史
指导教师:崔明德
20100301
烟��大��硕��学��论��
摘要

宋代西北民族关系进入了一个崭新的历史阶段,即西北各民族大交往大融合的新时期,
在这种大背景下,由河湟吐蕃建立的唃厮啰政权,因为地理位置的特殊性和重要性而成为宋、
夏、辽各政权极力争取的对象,它与周边民族的关系显得极为复杂。本文从不同的角度分析
和探讨唃厮啰与宋王朝、党项、辽的关系。
唃厮啰政权与宋王朝的关系以和平友好为主线,主要表现在三个方面:政治上,为了有
效的抗击共同的对手党项,唃厮啰主动归依于宋王朝,宋王朝也对其恩威并施,册封唃厮啰
首领并赐汉名,双方结成密切的同盟。经济上,双方的贸易交往频繁,通过贡赐和互市互通
有无,对于唃厮啰政权和宋王朝的生产、生活和军事物资都产生了巨大影响。军事上,互相
配合,遥相互映,牵制了西夏的兵力。
随着宋夏军事斗争的变化,唃厮啰与党项的关系也在不断变化,时而战争不断,时而结
盟和好。
唃厮啰政权与契丹也曾建立起密切的合作关系,其标志就是契丹公主下嫁董毡,契丹的
意图是拉拢唃厮啰来对付日益强盛的西夏。
唃厮啰政权与周边民族关系的转变,既有其内在的经济根源,也受外部宋夏矛盾的影响。
一方面唃厮啰政权游牧经济特有的不安全性、动荡性及强烈要求互补的特征,决定了它对中
原宋王朝表现出强烈的内向性。另一方面,这一时期民族关系的主要矛盾宋夏矛盾也影响到
唃厮啰政权民族关系的调整。

关键词:唃厮啰;宋王朝;周边其它民族;民族关系



I
烟��大��硕��学��论��
Abstract

During the simultaneous development with the foreigners period, it was a new phase
for north-west nations relationships in the Song dynasty. The Gusiluo regime, built
by Hehuang Tibetan, was ing the object of Song, Xia, Liao regime to strive for
harmony for the important geographical location. So, the ethnic relationship was
plex between the Gusiluo regime and the ethnics around. In this thesis,
the ethnic relationships between the Gusiluo regime and the Song, Xia, and Liao
regime were analyzed.

Friendship and peace were the main melody between Gusiluo regime and Song dynasty
and this was shown in the following three aspects:
1. Politics: The Gusiluo regime attached to the Song dynasty actively in order to
resist their counterpart—the Dangxiang regime. The Song dynasty tempered
justice with mercy, conferring a title and Chinese name upon the leader of the
Gusiluo. This formed a closed alliance.
2. Economy: The trade between the two regimes became more frequent by exchanging
of tributing, granting, and ‘Hushi’. The development of trade had a great
influence on culture, life and military necessities.
3. Military: The two regimes coordinated armed forces with each other, which pinned
down the Xixia army.

Wars and alliances appeared between the Gusiluo regime and Diangxiang at different

II
烟��大��硕��学��论��
periods with the process of the war between the Song dynasty and Xixia regime.

The Gusiluo regime once built a closed relationship with the Qidan. The significant
sign was the hypogamy between the Qidan princess and Dongzhan. It was also a strategy
of Qidan to be supported by the Gusiluo regime and resist the increasing powerful
Xixia regime.
The changes of relationships between the Gusiluo regime and other nationalities were
influenced by not only its inner economic origin, but also the outer factors, such
as conflicts between other nations. On one hand, the Gusiluo regime were strongly
relied on the Song dynasty because of their unique characters of nomadic economy:
non-security, unstable, hearty requirement to necessaries from the Song dynasty.
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