(basic sentence patterns and ponents )
So why not have a try?
1. 主语 subject (简写S)
2.谓语 predicate 分为:intransitive verb (vi)/ transitive verb (vt)
3. 宾语 object (分为:direct object / indirect object ) (简写O)
4. 宾补 plement (简写OC)
5. 状语 adverbial 6. 表语 predicative 7. 定语 attributive
## :No matter how long the sentence is, it consists of some of ponents.
eg: The es from America. (名词作主语)
He made a speech. (代词作主语)
Two and two is four. (数词作主语)
To be a teacher is my dream. (不定式作主语)
Doing a research is a necessary step of covering a story. (动名词作主语)
That he is admitted to a key university is known to us all. (从句作主语,也就是我们说的主语从句)
to do sth To be a teacher is my dream.
doing sth Teaching is his job.
That/when从句 That he hopes to be a teacher is known to us all.
Sb’s doing sth His being a teacher makes him proud.
It …… for sb to do sth It is important for us to study English well.
It is no use / good doing sth It is no use crying.
It ……从句。 It is known to us that he wants to be a teacher.
e. (vi) Many changes took place