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见索即付保函统一规则URDG_758中英文.doc
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URDG758TheURDG758aretheUniformRulesforDemandGuarantees-effective01July2010.'sUniformRulesforDemandGuarantees(URDG)in1991.Theoriginalrules,URDG458,eptanceinrecentyearsfollowingtheirincorporationbytheWorldBankinitsguaranteeformsandtheirendorsementbyUNCITRALandleadingindustryassociations,suchasFIDIC.Thisfirstrevisionoftheruleswasmeticulouslypreparedoveraperiodoftwoandahalfyears,onstituentgroups.missions-mercialLawandPractice-ountthelegitimateexpectationsofallrelevantsectors.mitteescontributedsubstantiallytothefinalproduct:essivedrafts,anumberofwhichwereincorporatedintothefinaltext.TaskForceonGuarantees,whichconsistedof40membersfrom26countries,reviewedthevariousdraftsandaddedtheirownsuggestions.TheURDGDraftingGroup,esAffaki,asions,mitteesandtheTaskForceanddevelopedthefinaldraft.Thiscollectiveefforthasbornefruit;ithasproducedrulesthatreflectabroadconsensusamongbankers,munity.Infact,thepresentrevisionoftheURDGdoesnotmerelyupdatetheexistingrules.Itistheresultofanambitiousprojecttocreateanewsetofrulesforthetwenty-firstcenturythatisclearer,prehensive.Assuch,ethestandardtextfordemandguaranteesworldwide.eedURDG458.Over17yearsofpractice(1992-2009),essfulandreliable.Theywereusedbybanksandbusinessesacrosscontinentsandindustrysectors.anizations,multilateralfinancialinstitutions,bankregulators,lawmakersandprofessionalfederations.IncontrasttothefailedUniformRulesforContractGuarantees(URCG325),URDG458reflectedtherealityoftheinternationaldemandguaranteemarketandstruckthemostreasonablebalancebetweentheinterestsofallthepartiesinvolved.BychoosingtoinstructaguarantortoissueademandguaranteesubjecttoURDG,applicantsrenouncedtheirabilitytoobstructpaymentforreasonsderivedfromtheirrelationshipwiththebeneficiary.Inturn,beneficiarieswereexpectedtostateingeneralterms-butnottojustify,establishorprove-thenatureoftheapplicant'sbreachintheperformanceoftheunderlyingrelationship.Finally,becauseademandguaranteeisanindependentundertaking,mitmentwassubjecttoitsownterms.Theywereinsulatedfromtheperformancecontingenciesoftheunderlyingrelationship.Theirincrementaluse,,enabledURDG458tomakeacriticalcontributiontowardslevellingtheplayingfieldamongdemandguaranteeissuersandusersregardlessofthelegal,economicorsocialsysteminwhichtheyoperate.Yet,tocodifyindependentguaranteepractice.Overtheyears,theapplicationoftheirprovisionsshedlightontheneedfordraftingadjustments,clarifications,expansionofscopeorclearcorrectionsoftheadoptedstandard.TaskForceonGuaranteesfromURDGusersworldwideprovidedthenecessarymaterialtolauncharevisionofURDG458thatboththelapseoftimeandtheevolutionofpracticemadenecessary.mercialLawandPractice(CLP).TaskForceonGuarantees,in2003tomonitorinternationalguaranteepractice,prehensivedraftsduringthetwoandahalfyearrevisionprocess.mittees.mentswerereceivedfromatotalof52countriesandwerethoroughlyexamined.mentswereinstrumentalinshapingthenewrules.prehensivelydebated.ountviewsreceivedfromabroadcross-sectorofconcernedparties.Execu 内容来自淘豆网www.taodocs.com转载请标明出处.
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