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Translation of Nouns.doc


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Translation of Nouns.doc
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TranslationofNounsGeneralizationAnounisawordthatisthenameofaperson,place,thing,quality,action,etc.anditcanbeusedasthesubjectorobjectofaverbortheobjectofapreposition.munication,thenounisthebasicelementtoexpressaconcept.Differentpeopleshavedifferentsymbolstoexpressconceptsandtherelationshipbetweenthemeaningandthesymbolisarbitrary.munication.Nounsmaybedividedintotwogroups:monnouns.WewilldealwithsomerulesinhandlingthetranslationofnounsfromEnglishintoChinese.1.1TranslationofProperNounsAnEnglishpropernounisanameusedforasingleparticularthingorperson,andspeltwithacapitalletter.ThetranslatorsinChinausuallyfollowtwoprinciplestodealwiththeEnglishpropernouns:transliterationandsemantictranslation.Theywillbediscussedindetailbelow.1.1.1Transliteration:threerules1)TofollowthepronunciationoftheownersofpropernamesEngland 英格兰Deutsch 德意志Paris 巴黎Bangkok曼谷2)TousethestandardpronunciationoftheChinesecharactersInotherwords,monandsimpleonesandavoidrareandobsoleteones,usecharactersthatwillnotbeunderstoodfromthecontext,avoidtheuseofwordsinthederogatorysense,andshortensomeonesbydroppingoneortwoobscuresounds.Balkan巴尔干?岜珥赣Nepal尼泊尔?泥渤洱Latvia 拉脱维亚?儠橐潍琊Rwanda 卢旺达?乱达Cuba 古巴?苦粑Guatemala 危地马拉?鬼地麻辣Roosevelt罗斯福?罗斯伏尔特Engles恩格斯?恩格勒尔斯3)ToadopttheestablishedpopulartranslatednamesCaesar 凯撒?西挲Bethune 白求恩?比松1.1.2SemantictranslationFullysemantictranslationThePacificOcean 太平洋 TheMediterraneanSea 地中海CapeofGoodHope 好望角Partlyse 内容来自淘豆网www.taodocs.com转载请标明出处.