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"the city as a growth machine," by harvey molotch, in the.doc
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"TheCityasaGrowthMachine,"byHarveyMolotch,inTheAmericanJournalofSociology,©1976byTheUniversityofChicago.Allrightsreserved.TheCityasaGrowthMachine:TowardaPoliticalEconomyofPlace1HarveyMolotchUniversityofCalifornia,SantaBarbaraAcityand,moregenerally,anylocality,isconceivedasthearealexpressionoftheinterestsofsomeland-basedelite.moninterest.peteswithotherland-basedelitesinanefforttohavegrowth-inducingresourcesinvestedwithinitsownareaasopposedtothatofanother.Governmentalauthority,atthelocalandnonlocallevels,petinglocalities.munitylifearelargelyaconsequenceofthesocial,economic,andpoliticalforcesembodiedinthisgrowthmachine.Therelevanceofgrowthtotheinterestsofvarioussocialgroupsisexaminedinthiscontext,particularlywithreferencetotheissueofunemployment.Recentsocialtrendsinoppositiontogrowtharedescribedandtheirpotentialconsequencesevaluated.Conventionaldefinitionsof"city,""urbanplace,"or"metropolis"haveledtoconventionalanalysesofurbansystemsandurban-basedsocialproblems.UsuallytraceabletoWirth'sclassicandhighlyplausibleformulationof"numbers,densityandheterogeneity"(1938),therehasbeenacontinuingtendency,eveninmorerecentformulations(e.g.,Davis1965),toconceiveofplacequiteapartfromacrucialdimensionofsocialstructure:powerandsocialclasshierarchy.Consequently,sociologicalresearchbasedonthetraditionaldefinitionsofwhatanurbanplaceishashadverylittlerelevancetotheactual,day-to-dayactivitiesofthoseatthetopoflocalpowerstructurewhoseprioritiessetthelimitswithinwhichdecisionsaffectinglanduse,thepublicbudget,etobemade.Ithasnotbeenveryapparentfromthescholarshipofurbansocialsciencethatland,thebasicstuffofplace,modityprovidingwealthandpower,andthatsomeveryimportantpeopleconsequentlytakeakeeninterestinit.Thus,munitypoweraswellasonhowtodefineandconceptualizeacityorurbanplace,therearefewnotionsavailabletolinkthetwoissuescoherently,focusingontheurbansettlementasapoliticaleconomy.Thispaperaimstowardfillingthisneed.Ispeculatethatthepoliticalandeconomicessenceofvirtuallyanygivenlocality,inthepresentAmer 内容来自淘豆网www.taodocs.com转载请标明出处.