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Video Game Use in Boys With Autism.pdf.pdf


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Video Game Use in Boys With Autism.pdf.pdf
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Video GameUse in Boys With Autism Spectrum Disorder, ADHD, or Typical Development WHAT ’S KNOWN ON THIS SUBJECT: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and those with ADHD are at risk for problematic video game use. However, group differences in media use or in the factors associated with problematic video game use have not been studied. WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS: Boys with ASD and ADHD demonstrated greater problematic video game use than did boys with typical development. Inattention was uniquely associated with problematic use for both groups, and role-playing game genre was associated with problematic use among the ASD group only. abstract OBJECTIVES: The study objectives were to examine video game use in boys with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) compared with those with ADHD or typical development (TD) and to examine how speci ?c symp- toms and game features relate to problematic video game use across groups. METHODS: Participants included parents of boys (aged 8 –18) with ASD ( n= 56), ADHD ( n= 44), or TD ( n= 41). Questionnaires assessed daily hours of video game use, in-room video game access, video game genres, problematic video game use, ASD symptoms, and ADHD symptoms. RESULTS: Boys with ASD spent more time than did boys with TD playing video games (2.1 vs 1.2 h/d). Both the ASD and ADHD groups had greater in-room video game access and greater problematic video game use than the TD group. Multivariate models showed that inattentive symptoms predicted problematic game use for both the ASD and ADHD groups; and preferences for role-playing games predicted problematic game use in the ASD group only. CONCLUSIONS: Boys with ASD spend much more time playing video games than do boys with TD, and boys with ASD and ADHD are at greater risk for problematic video game use than are boys with TD. Inattentive symptoms, in particular, were strongly associated with problematic video game use for both groups, and role-playing game preferences may be an additional risk factor for problematic video game use among children with ASD. These ?ndings suggest a need for longitudinal research to better understand predictors and es of video game use in children with ASD and ADHD. Pediatrics 2013;132:260 – 266 AUTHORS: Micah O. Mazurek, PhD, a ,band Christopher R. Engelhardt, PhD c Departments of aHealth Psychology, and cPsychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri; and b Thompson Center for Autism and Neurodevelopmental Disorders, Columbia, Missouri KEY WORDS video game, video game addiction, autism, autism spectrum disorder, attention-de ?cit/hyperactivity disorder, ADHD ABBREVIATIONS ANOVA —analysis of variance ADHD — attention-de ?cit/hyperactivity disorder ASD —autism spectrum disorder PVGT —Problem Video Game Playing Test SCQ —munication Questionnaire TD —typical development VADPRS —Vanderbilt Attention De ?cit/Hyperactivity Disorder Parent Rating Scale Dr Mazurek concep
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  • 时间2016-03-21