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2020年英语专四倒装.ppt


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2020年英语专四倒装.ppt
文档介绍:
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英语专四倒装
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考查重点:
1.以so / neither / nor / no more开头的倒装句
2. 以only强调状语的倒装句
3. 以否定词开头的倒装句
4. 省略了if的倒装的虚拟条件从句
5. there be存在倒装句
6. as / though引导的倒装的让步状语从句
7. as 引导的倒装的原因状语从句
8. so / such…that引导的程度/结果状语从句
9.however引导的让步状语从句
10. 以be开头的让步状语从句



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英语专四倒装
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英语最基本的语序是“主语+谓语动词”,这叫作正常语序或自然语序。如果谓语动词放到主语之前,这就是倒装。将谓语动词完全移至主语之前,就形成全部倒装;如果只是把助动词 / 情态动词放在主语之前,这称为部分倒装。倒装的原因有两个:语法的需要和修辞的需要。英语倒装句是历年英语专四考试的重点之一。对倒装句的考查主要体现在以下几个方面。
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英语专四倒装
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一、以so / neither / nor / no more开头的倒装句   
在否定句中,用nor / neither / no more表示前面
所否定的情况也适用于另一个 / 些人或物,说明另
一主语“也不……”时,需用倒装语序。如:
The first one wasn’t good and neither was the second.
I didn’t read the notice on the blackboard, nor did he.
在肯定句中,常用“so+ be / have / 助动词+主语”
的结构,说明前一句谓语表示的情况也适用于另一个/
些人或物。
Society has changed and so have the people in it.
Parking is a great problem and so is the traffic in and around cities.
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英语专四倒装
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如果主语和上一句的主语相同,表示同意
对方的看法,意为“是的;确实如此”,这时不
用倒装:
— John studies very hard.
— So he does.
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英语专四倒装
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二、以only强调状语的倒装句
副词only所强调的方式状语、条件状语、地点状
语、时间状语等位于句首时,引起部分倒装。
Only by seizing every minute can we finish the work on time.
Only then did we realize that the man was blind.
Only after three operations was she able to walk without sticks.
如果only修饰的词不是作状语而是作主语时,句
子就不用倒装。如:
Only his mother was invited.
Only some of the boys passed the examination.
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英语专四倒装
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三、以否定词开头的倒装句
为了强调句子中的否定状语,常将其置于句首,
这时一般引起部分倒装。常见的含有否定意义的副
词、连词或词组有:at no time,by no means,hardly
/ scarcely / barely… when, few, little, never, no
sooner … than, not, not until, nowhere, not only
…but also, on no account, rarely, seldom, under /
in no circumstances等。如:
Seldom in all my life have I met such a determined person.
Hardly had he finished when someone rose to refute his views.
Little does he care about what others think.
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英语专四倒装
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not only … but also … 如果连接两个句子,则第一个句子倒装,第二个句子不倒装。如:
Not only is the story interesting, but also its English will help us in writing.
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