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新概念第一册部分语法及相关练习题.doc


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新概念第一册部分语法及相关练习题.doc
文档介绍:
1. 问句:
  一般疑问句,特殊疑问句,选择疑问句,反意疑问句,选择疑问句,否定疑问句
  1) 一般疑问句: 助动词/be动词+主语
  Are you a teacher? Do you want to have a cup of tea?
  2) 特殊疑问句: 特殊疑问词+一般疑问句
  What is your name?
  3) 选择疑问句: or
  Do you want beef or lamb?
  4) 反意疑问句: 肯定陈述句+否定疑问部分, 否定陈述部分+肯定疑问部分
  You don’t need that pen, do you?
  5) 否定疑问句: 一般疑问句+否定词
  Aren’t you lucky? Don’t you want have a rest?
2. 现在完成时
  1)构成:主语+助动词have, has+过去分词
  2)用法:①表示过去发生的和现在有某种联系的动作,常和just, usually, already, since等时间副词连用
  I have just had lunch. (饱了,不用再吃了)
  He has had a cup of tea.(不渴了,不用再喝)
  They have already had their holiday. (不能再度假了)
  The boy has already read the book. (已经知道书的内容了,不用再看了)
  ②询问别人是否做过某事一般用现在完成时:
  Have you finished your homework?///Have you been to Beijing?///Have he seen the film?
  ③表示开始于过去并持续到现在的动作
  I have lived in Beijing for twenty years.///I have worked for this school for 1 year.
  ④表示一种经历,经验:去过…地方,做过…事情,经历过…事情
I have never had a bath.///I have never seen a film.
I have never been to cinema. ///I have ever been to Paris.
  注:Have been to表示去过,have gone to 表示去了
  I have been to London.(人已经回来)//////He has gone to London.(人还在那里)
  ⑤表示一种结果, 一般不和时间副词联用
I have lost my pen.///I have hurt myself.
He has become a teacher.///She has broken my heart.
  3)句型变化:
  ★变疑问句将助动词移到句首,变否定句在助动词后面加not.
   e.g. Have you lost your pen? I have not lost my pen.
  ★肯定回答及否定回答:Yes, I have. No, I have not.
  
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