1） 一般疑问句： 助动词/be动词+主语
Are you a teacher? Do you want to have a cup of tea?
2） 特殊疑问句： 特殊疑问词+一般疑问句
What is your name?
3） 选择疑问句： or
Do you want beef or lamb?
4） 反意疑问句： 肯定陈述句+否定疑问部分， 否定陈述部分+肯定疑问部分
You don’t need that pen, do you?
5） 否定疑问句： 一般疑问句+否定词
Aren’t you lucky? Don’t you want have a rest?
2）用法：①表示过去发生的和现在有某种联系的动作，常和just, usually, already, since等时间副词连用
I have just had lunch. （饱了，不用再吃了）
He has had a cup of tea.（不渴了，不用再喝）
They have already had their holiday. （不能再度假了）
The boy has already read the book. （已经知道书的内容了，不用再看了）
Have you finished your homework?///Have you been to Beijing?///Have he seen the film?
I have lived in Beijing for twenty years.///I have worked for this school for 1 year.
I have never had a bath.///I have never seen a film.
I have never been to cinema. ///I have ever been to Paris.
注：Have been to表示去过，have gone to 表示去了
I have been to London.（人已经回来）//////He has gone to London.（人还在那里）
I have lost my pen.///I have hurt myself.
He has become a teacher.///She has broken my heart.
e.g. Have you lost your pen? I have not lost my pen.
★肯定回答及否定回答：Yes, I have. No, I have not.