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高考英语情景会话题型分析11.doc


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高考英语情景会话题型分析11.doc
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高考英语情景会话题型分析

  高考英语试题中,单项选择题越来越注重对情景交流用语的考查,越发强调对交流能力的测试。本文将结合高考实例对英语情景会话的测试重点及命题方式作一分析。
  情景会话用语主要考查教学大纲中所规定的常用会话套语。考查的方式以应答为主,提问为辅;以中英文化差异明显的语言交流项目为重点考查对象。命题方式有:
  一****惯应答类
  许多情景会话中使用的是英美人的****惯用语。问候、告别、打电话、问路、看病、购物等常见交流话题均有其较为固定的套语。感谢、道歉、祝愿、请求亦有其固定的应答用语。对于这类题目,我们要紧紧遵循他们的****惯进行解答。如:
  - Waiter!
  -________
  - I can't eat this. It's too salty. (NMET 2000)
  A. Yes, sir? B. What?  C. All right? D. Pardon?[A]
  析:这是服务员与顾客之间的一段对话。选项A是饭店服务员应答顾客的****惯用语,故选A。
  1.常用于感谢的应答用语有:
  You are welcome. Don't mention it. It is my pleasure(My pleasure). Not at all. That's all right. I'm glad / happy that... I'm glad you like/ enjoy it.等等。
  [考例]- Thank you ever so much for the book you sent me.
  -________. (1997上海)
  A. No thanks  B. I'm glad you like it
  C. Please don't say so  D. No, it's not so good [B]
  [考例]- It's been a wonderful evening. Thank you very much.
  -________.(2002北京)
  A. My pleasure  B. I'm glad to hear that
  C. No, thanks  D. It's OK [A]
  2.常用于道歉的应答用语有:Never mind. It doesn't matter. Not at all. That's all right. That is nothing.等等。
  [考例]- I'm sorry I broke your mirror.
  -Oh, really? ________. (NMET 1996)
  A. It's OK with me  B. It doesn't matter
  C. Don't be sorry  D. I don't care [B]
  [考例]- Sorry, I couldn't come to the party. I was sick that day.
  - ________. (1996上海)
  A. I don't know that  B. That's all right
  C. Ye
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