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语法讲解:宾语补足语.doc


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语法讲解:宾语补足语.doc
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语法讲解:宾语补足语
宾补的定义:有些及物动词带了宾语后还需要有一个补足成分才能使句子完整,这个补足成分就叫做宾语补足语。用来说明宾语的行为、特征、状态、身份等。宾语和宾补一起构成复合宾语。主要有下面几种类型:
1. 名词(或代词)+名词
She found him a very clever boy.
2. 名词(或代词)+形容词
He had a strange way of making his class lively and interesting.
3. 名词(或代词)+副词或介词短语
Last Sunday I saw you out with your sister.
To her surprise, she found herself in a different world.
4. 名词(或代词)+分词(分词短语)
I saw him doing his homework when I passed his window.
I was absent-minded when I heard my name called.
注意:
在用现在分词或不定式作宾语补足语的动词中,有些只能用现在分词作宾语补足语;有些只能用不定式作宾语补足语;还有的动词既能用现在分词又可用不定式作宾语补足语:
1)、只能用现在分词作宾语补足语的动词有:catch, keep, mind, prevent, stop(阻止)等。
She caught her son smoking a cigarette.
His words started me thinking.
2)、只能用不定式作宾语补足语的动词有:wish, desire, expect, love, prefer, trust, encourage, let, allow, permit, mean, lead, bring, put, hurry, cause, remind, ask, invite, beg, request, worry, advise, persuade, call on, tell, order, command, require, make, force, drive, forbid, warn, help, teach, show, assist, report, bear, wait for, think, take, know, judge, consider, suppose, believe, allow, prove, declare等。
eg: Their parents don’t allow him to stay out late. 他父母不允许他在外面呆到很晚。
3)、既能用现在分词又可用不定式作宾语补足语的动词有:see, watch, notice, look at, observe, listen to, hear, feel, have, imagine, discover, like, want, understand, hate, get, set, leave等, 例如:
She was seen running away from the scene of the cr
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