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学位英语真题及答案审批稿.docx


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学位英语真题及答案审批稿.docx
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学位英语真题及答案
北京地区***本科学士学位英语统一考试
  Part I Reading Comprehension (30%)
  Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D, You should decide on the best choice and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
  Passage 1
  Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:
Babies who are breast-fed may be more likely to be successful in life, a new study published Tuesday suggests.
星期二公布的一项新的研究表明,母乳喂养的婴儿更有可能在生活中成功。
The study followed more than 3,000 babies into adulthood in Brazil.
该研究跟踪了在巴西的超过3000个孩子到成年。
The researchers found those who were breast-fed scored slightly higher in intelligence tests in their 30s, stayed in school longer and earned more money than those who were given formula(配方奶粉).
研究员发现那些母乳喂养的人在他们30岁时智力测试得分略高,比那些被给予配方奶粉的人待在学校更长,挣得钱更多。
我们这项研究第一次发现延长母乳喂养的时间不仅能够提高孩子在30岁以前的智商,而且能够影响孩子的教育程度以及未来的收入情况,这直接决定了孩子将来的个人水平与社会地位
“Breast-feeding not only has short-term benefits, but also breast-feeding has long-term benefits, "says Bernardo Lessa Horta of the Federal University of Pelotas in Brazil, who led the study being published in The Lancet Global Health.
巴西佩洛塔斯联邦大学的伯纳多·莱萨·奥塔博士说:“母乳喂养不仅有短期收益,而且母乳喂养更有长期收益”,他领导的这项研究被发表在《柳叶刀全球健康》
(76) Doctors have long known that breast-feeding can be good for a baby’s health.
医生早就知道母乳喂养能够对婴儿的健康有益。
This is especially true in poor countries, where water can be contaminated.
这个在贫穷的国家尤其真实,那里的水可能被污染了。
For instance, a baby given formula in developing countries is 14 times more likely to die in the first six months than one who’s breast-fed.
例如, 在发展中国家一个被给予配方奶粉的婴儿在最初的六个月可能死亡是另一个母乳喂养的婴儿的14倍。
In the ., some research has suggested that breast-feeding may raise a baby’s IQ(智商)by a few points.
But a recent study with siblings(兄弟姐妹)found little advantage to breast-feeding.
  Horta says these previous st
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