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研究生写作讲义08.doc


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研究生写作讲义08.doc
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Exercise 3-2-8. Rewrite the topic sentence :A phone call offers more advantages over a business letter . The first advantage ofa phone call is speed, of course, because you can ordinarily be speaking with the other person within minutes of placing the calling. Another advantage is the fact that you can exchange information, clear up questions, and often reach an understanding on the basis ofa single ten-minute phone call. In contrast, a letter gives you an opportunity to set forth ( 阐明) your views ina much more careful, detailed way. Furthermore, the other party has an opportunity to reread and think carefully about what you have said. The other person can also seek the advice of associates ( 有关人员) and, if necessary, check other documents thoroughly. Finally, a written message can always be taken from the files and consulted ( 查阅) if any question arises about exactly what was said. Exercise 3-2-9. Read the following paragraphs, and then write an appropriate topic sentence for each one. Paragraph one. ________________________________________________________________. Some students stay up the night before, trying to cram into their brains what they avoided all semester. Others pace themselves, spending a little time each night going over the notes they took in class that day. Still others cross their fingers ( 祈盼、祷告) and hope they absorbed enough from lectures. Some dishonest students always pray that their classmates will give them the answers during the exams. Paragraph two. ______________________________________________________________ . Ina host family, the student is able to learn about a different way of life by experiencing it with people who are from the culture and who can help explain it. Additionally, the student has the advantage of being surrounded bya group of people who can provide emotional support when he is feeling homesick and lonely. This is especially true when the family has children who are the same age as the international student. Finally, although not all homestay experiences are pleasant ones, the international student who lives with a host family will be able to practise the target language far more than one who lives with friends from the same country. Paragraph three . _______________________________________________________ . It stipulates the length of time the person must stay in the apartment and the amount of rent he must pay. It can limit the number of people allowed to live in the apartment and restrict the renter from having pets. A lease may prohibit the renter from subletting and include a provision ( 规定) by which he is charged a certain amount of money if he breaks the contract. The agreement also includes the responsibilities of the landlord, such as providing adequate heat, garbage removal, and exterior maintenances of the apartment building. Exercise 3-2- 10.W rite a topic sentence based on the general topic Our University a) to describe th 内容来自淘豆网www.taodocs.com转载请标明出处.