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绿色壁垒的可持续发展观【外文原文】.pdf
文档介绍:
Journal of Economic Policy Reform
Vol. 10, No. 3, 233–240, September 2007
Green Barriers from the Standpoint of
Sustainable Development
WANG YUJING* & LIU HUIHUANG**
*Hunan University & Tianjin University merce, PRC, **Hunan University, PRC
PRE_A_245534.sgm10.1080/17487870701456545Journal1748-7870Original2007103000000SeptemberYujingWangyjwang0303@ and& of Article Francis Economic (print)/1748-7889Francis 2007 Ltd Policy Reform (online)
ABSTRACT Green barriers are one kind of non-tariff barrier (NTB). This paper points
out that green barriers evolved from sustainable development theory and environmental
protection, but patible with parative advantage. The best way to
surmount green barriers for Chinese enterprises is to implement circular production
processes and clean production techniques.
KEY WORDS: Green barriers, sustainable development, ecology environment, circular
economy, life-cycle analysis
JEL CODES: Q01, Q27, Q34, Q56
1. Introduction
Since the opening up and economic reform of China, its foreign trade volume
has risen continuously from US$20.6 billion in 1978 to US$1,422 billion in
2005. The sum of exports plus imports as a fraction of GDP is 65.8%, the
share of exports is 36.2%, the share of imports is 29.6% in 2006 in China
(The National Bureau of Statistics of China, 2006). Exports mainly concen-
trate on labor intensive and resource intensive industries: labor intensive
products accounting for 40% of total manufacturing exports and resource
intensive including rubber and metal products accounting for 20%. This
export pattern depletes resources and causes high emissions and high pollu-
tion, a serious environmental problem in China (Gu, 2005). In addition,
besides agricultural products, the exportation of mechanical and electrical
products is facing increasing technical barriers such as noise, pollution,
safety standards, energy saving, and recycling requirements. Every year,
Correspondence Address: Wang Yujing, School of Economy and International Trade, Tianjin
University merce, JinBa Road, Beichen District, Tianjin, PRC 300134. Email:
yjwang0303@
ISSN 1748–7870 Print/ISSN 1748–7889 Online/07/030233-08 © 2007 Taylor & Francis
DOI: 10.1080/17487870701456545
234 Wang Yujing & Liu Huihuang
about US$8 billion of export products are affected by foreign green labeling
and trademarks and US$24 billion of products are indirectly influenced since
packing methods do not satisfy the environmental protection standard of
developed countries. Therefore, how to treat and cope with green barriers is
imperative for China’s foreign trade.
2. Green Barriers
While there are no accurate and clear definitions in international treaties or
agreements, a ‘green barrier’ is a new term to mean the application of strict
technical standards and regulations in international trade (Dong, 2003).
Besides a green environmental label, green ba 内容来自淘豆网www.taodocs.com转载请标明出处.
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