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2016高中英语必修3课文逐句翻译(人教新课标).doc


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2016高中英语必修3课文逐句翻译(人教新课标).doc
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1.必修三Unit1Festivalsandcelebrations节日和庆典Festivalsandcelebrationsofallkindshavebeenheldeverywheresinceancienttimes.自古以来,世界各地就有各种各样的节日和庆典。Mostancientfestivalswouldcelebratetheendofcoldweather,plantinginspringandharvestinautumn.最古老的节日总是庆祝严寒的结束、春季的种植和秋天的收割。Sometimescelebratewouldbeheldafterhuntershadcaughtanimals.有时,在猎人捕获猎物后,也举行庆祝活动。Atthattimepeoplewouldstarveiffoodwasdifficulttofind,especiallyduringthecoldwintermonths.在那个时代,如果食物难以找到,特别是在寒冷的冬月,人们会挨饿。Today’sfestivalshavemanyorigins,somereligious,someseasonal,andsomeforspecialpeopleorevents.现在的节日有很多由来,一些是宗教上的,一些是季节性的,一些是纪念特殊的人和事件的。FestivalsoftheDead亡灵节Somefestivalsareheldtohonourthedeadortosatisfytheancestors,whomightreturneithertohelportodoharm.有些节日,是为了纪念死者,或使祖先得到满足,因为祖先们有可能回到世上(给人们)提供帮助,也有可能带来危害。FortheJapanesefestival.Obon,peopleshouldgotocleangravesandlightincenseinmemoryoftheirancestors.在日本的盂兰盆节,人们要扫墓、烧香,以缅怀祖先。Theyalsolightlampsandplaymusicbecausetheythinkthatthiswillleadtheancestorsbacktoearth.他们还点起灯笼,奏响乐曲,因为他们认为这样做可以把祖先引回到世上。InMexico,peoplecelebratetheDayoftheDeadinearlyNovember.在墨西哥,亡灵节是在11月初。Onthisimportantfeastday,peopleeatfoodintheshapeofskullsandcakeswith“bones”onthem.在这个重要的节日里,人们会吃制成颅骨形状的食物,和装点有“骨头”的蛋糕。Theyofferfood,flowersandgiftstothedead.他们向亡者祭献食物、鲜花和礼品。TheWesternholidayHalloweenalsohaditsorigininoldbeliefsaboutthereturnofthespiritsofdeadpeople.西方节日万圣节也源自人们古老的信念,认为亡者的灵魂会返回人间。Itisnowachildren’sfestival,whentheycandressupandtotheirneighbours’homestoaskforsweets.万圣节如今成了孩子们的节日,这天他们可以乔装打扮上到邻居家要糖吃。Iftheneighboursdonotgiveanysweets,thechildrenmightplayatrickonthem.如果邻居什么糖也不给,那么孩子们就可以捉弄他们了。FestivalstoHonourPeople纪念名人的节日Festivalscanalsobeheldtohonourfamouspeople.也有纪念名人的节日。TheDragonBoatFestivalinChinahonoursthefamousancientpoet,QuYuan.中国的端午节(龙舟节),是纪念著名古代诗人屈原的。IntheUSAColumbusDayisinmemoryofthearrivalofChristopherColumbusinNewWorld.美国的哥伦布日是纪念克里斯托弗·哥伦布发现“新大陆”的日子。IndiahasanationalfestivalonOctober2tohonourMohandasGandhi,theleaderwhohelpedgainIndia’sindependencefromBritain.印度在10月2日有个全国性节日,纪念莫汉达斯·甘地,他是帮助印度脱离英国而独立的领袖。HarvestFestivals庆丰收的节日HarvestandThanksgivingfestivalscanbeveryhappyevents.收获与感恩节是非常喜庆的节日。Peoplearegratefulbecausetheirfoodisgatheredforthewinterandtheagriculturalworkisover.越冬的粮食收集起来了,农活结束了,人们都心怀感激。InEuropeancountries,peoplewillusuallydecoratechurchesandtownhallswithflowersandfruit,andwillgettogethertohavemeals.在欧洲国家,人们通常用花果来装饰教堂和市政厅,在一起聚餐。Somepeoplemightwinawardsfortheirfarmproduce,likethebiggestwatermelonorthemosthandsomerooster.有些人还可能因为他们的农产品(参加各种评选)而获奖,比如最大的西瓜或最帅的公鸡。ChinaandJapanhavemid-autumnfestivals,whenpeopleadmirethemoonandinChina,enjoymooncakes.中国和日本都有中秋节,这时,人们会赏月。在中国,人们还品尝月饼。ingofspring.最富生气而又最重要的节日,就是告别冬天、迎来春天的日子。AttheSpringFestivalinChina,peopleeatdumplings,fishandmeatandmaygivechildrenluckymoneyinredpaper.中国人过春节要吃饺子、鱼和肉,还要给孩子们送红纸包着的压岁钱。Therearedragondancesandcarnivals,andfamiliescelebratetheLunarNewYeartogether.(他们)舞龙灯、狂欢,全家人聚在一起欢庆阴历年。SomeWesterncountrieshaveveryexcitingcarnivals,whichtakeplacefortydaysbeforeEas 内容来自淘豆网www.taodocs.com转载请标明出处.
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