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文档分类:外语学习

虚拟语气精讲.pptx


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虚拟语气精讲.pptx
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虚拟语气讲解1.英语动词有三种语气,陈述语气,祈使语气和虚拟语气.2.定义:用来表示说的话不是事实,或者是不可能发生或可能性比较小的情况,而是一种愿望,建议,假设的语气叫虚拟语气。虚拟语气定义虚拟语气的考点1、一般条件句中虚拟语气的用法;2、条件句中虚拟语气的倒装;3、名词性从句中虚拟语气的用法;4、状语从句中虚拟语气的用法;5、几种特殊结构中虚拟语气用法;6、虚拟语气与陈述语气的判定。一般条件句中虚拟语气的用法时间If条件句主句过去haddonewouldshould+havedonesthcouldmight现在助动词be用were实义动词do用didwouldshould+dosthcouldmight将来did/wereshoulddoweretodowouldshould+dosthcouldMight1.一般条件句中的虚拟语气1.IfIhadHIV,IwouldknowbecauseIwouldfeelsick.2.IfIwereyou,IwouldgiveAIDSpatientahug.3.IfIhadtakenyouradvice,Iwouldn’thavemadeamistake.4.Ifhehadbeenthere,itwouldn’thavehappened.与现在事实相反与过去事实相反5.Ifitshouldraintomorrow,theywouldn’tgoforanouting.6.Ithinkwecoulddoit,ifweplanneditproperlyandcouldborrowthetools.7.Ifweweretohavethreedaysoff,wewouldenjoyaveryhappylife.与未来事实相反IfIwereyou,I____buythehouserightnow.A.won’tB.don’tC.wouldn’tD.can’t2._____morecareful,hisshipwouldnothavesunk.A.IfthecaptainwereB.IfthecaptainhadbeenC.ShouldthecaptainbeD.Ifthecaptainwouldhavebeen3.Ifhe___metomorrow,IwouldlethimknowA.shouldcallB.shouldnothavebeenableC.werenotableD.arenotableBCA2、条件句中虚拟语气的倒装;假设条件虚拟倒装。条件从句中含有should,were,had三个助动词并且放在句首时,可以把if省略。IfIwereyou,Iwouldgiveitup.WereIyou,Iwouldgiveitup.IfIhadhadtime,Iwouldhaverunroundthatlakeagain.HadIhadtime,Iwouldhaverunroundthatlakeagain.Ifthereshouldbeaflood,whatshouldwedo?aflood,whatshouldwedo?Shoultherebe3.混合(时间错综)型虚拟语气:假设条件从句谓语动词发生的时间与主句所假设的谓语动词不一致,叫做错综条件虚拟语气。主句和从句的谓语动词要依照假设的时间而定。Iftheweatherhadbeenfiner,thecropswouldbegrowingstillbetter.Ifyouhadfollowedtheteacher’sadvice,youwouldn’tbeinthehospital. 内容来自淘豆网www.taodocs.com转载请标明出处.