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The Differences between American English and British English.doc


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The Differences between American English and British English.doc
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1 The Differences between American English and British English 美式英语与英式英语的区别 The Differences between American English and British English 2 The spelling of them ? In the United States ’ development of language, spelling have occurred ina similar movement of our simplified characters (The simplified Spelling Movement), delete the word spelling in some of the letters are not pronounced. 1 、英语单词中不发音的词尾-me, -ue 在美语拼写中被删除。? British American ?公斤 kilogramme kilogram ?方案 programme program ?目录 catalogue catalog ?对话 dialogue dialog ?序言 prologue prolog 2 、英语中的以-our 结尾的单词,在美语中删去了不发音的字母 u。? British America ?举止、行为 behaviour behavior ?颜色 colour color 特别喜爱? favourite favorite 风味 flavour flavor ?荣誉 honour honor ?劳动 labour labor 3 、英语中以-re 结尾,读音为[2] 的单词,在美语中改为-er 结尾,读音不变。? British American ?中心 centre center ?纤维 fibre fiber ?公尺 metre meter 4 、英语中某些以-ence 为结尾的单词,在美语中改为- ense 结尾,读音仍为[ns] 。? British American ?防御 defence defense ?犯法行为 offence offense ?执照 licence license ?托词 pretence pretense ?剧场 theatre theater 5 、英语中以-ise 结尾的动词,美语中则拼作-ize 。?例如: ? British American ?批评 criticise criticize ? anize ?实现 realise realize ?辨认 recognise recognize ?使标准化 standardise standardize 6 、英语中以双写-ll- 拼写的部分词,在美语中只有一个-l-, 例如: 3 ? British American ?地方议员 councillor councilor ?顾问 counsellor counselor ?珠宝商 jeweller jeweler ?奇异的 marvellous marvelous ?包裹 parcelled parceled ?旅行 travelling traveling 7 、英语中以- xion[-kJ2n] 结尾的词,美语中拼作-ction ,读音不变。? British American ?联系 connexion connection ?弯曲 inflexion inflection ?反射 reflexion reflection 8、除以上几类词的拼写不同外, 也还有一些常见的, 在英语和美语中拼写各异的无法归类的词。例如: ? British American ?支票 cheque check ?监狱 gaol jail ?路边的镶边石 kerb curb ?小胡子 moustache mustache ?犁 plough plow ?睡衣裤 pyjamas pajamas ?怀疑的 sceptical skeptical ?橡皮 erarer rubber The different uses of them 一、 Noun. ? 1、美国英语将其他词类名词化的倾向比英国英语更为明显, 特别是那些带介词的短语动词: to cook out →a cook-out ;to know how → the know-how; to run down → the rundown; to be shut in→a shut-in; to stop over → the stopover 等? 2、集合名词做主语时, 英国英语的谓语动词可以是单数形式或者复数形式, 美国英语几乎总是用单数形式。例如: BE : They are a family who has been very influential in the history of this country. AE/BE: mittee has decided to look into the matter further. 名词作定语时,美国英语多用单数形式,而英国英语则常用其复数形式。例如: BE : The worker decided to form a new trades union. AE: The worker decided to form a new trade union. 二、 Verb. ?动词 have ,get, make 当动词 have 有致使之意时, 美国用 have; 英国对上级用 get, 对下级用 make. 英语中的 to have 是个词性不明确的动词。英国人既把它用作助动词又把它用作实义动词;美国人则一律将它当作实义动词来用。例如: BE: I will get e. AE: I will have e. 三、 Adj. 在美国英语中, 形容词的比较可以跟在 all the 之后, 表示强调。而英国英语则使用 any 加形容词比较级这一形式来表示强调。例如: BE: Can ’t you do any better than that? AE: Is that all the better you can do? 4 四、 Simple Past Tense and Present Perfect Tense 表示距现在不远的过去所发生或完成的事情,英国英语常用现在完成时,则美国英语则倾向于使用一般过去时。例如: BE :I have studied your report already. AE :I studied your report already. BE : Now I know what it is!I’ ve forgotten its name. AE : Now I know what it is!I forgot its name. ?另外:美语与英语在习惯用法上也存在着明显的差异。比如,英国英语在虚拟式中 内容来自淘豆网www.taodocs.com转载请标明出处.